Fleas are the most common external parasite, and they can be very annoying to your pet! If left untreated, they can cause infections and serious diseases. Our Eastham veterinarians explain the early signs of fleas and what to do if your pet has fleas.
What are fleas?
Fleas are external parasites that survive by parasitizing a host animal. Adult fleas will continue to reproduce and thrive on your pet unless you take steps to break their lifecycle.
What signs of flea infestation should I look for?
Cats and dogs may be allergic to the protein in flea saliva, which is why they scratch as soon as a flea bites them. Even a single flea bite can cause agitation and excessive scratching in pets.
Red bumps or pimples may appear on their belly, at the base of their tail, or on their behind, on their groin, or under their legs, in addition to scratching. Dry skin and hair loss will result from the constant itching and scratching of these areas. If fleas are not treated, lesions and infection can develop, leading to more serious diseases.
How can I check my pet for fleas?
Adult fleas are small and brown. They are relatively easy to spot with the naked eye.
It's a good idea to check your pet's brush or comb while you're grooming them. Having your pet lie on their side will let you have a closer look at areas with thin hair, such as the abdomen.
You might notice "flea dirt." When wet, this resembles tiny grains of sand or black pepper. To check for flea dirt (feces), comb along your pet's back and underbelly with a fine-tooth flea comb available at your vet's office. By brushing your pet while standing them on a white towel or cloth, you will be able to see any black droppings that fall from their fur.
What if I can’t find any fleas, but my pet is still scratching?
If there are no fleas, but your pet is still scratching, make an appointment with your veterinarian, who can perform a skin test to check for flea allergies as well as other types of allergies during your visit. Your pet may be experiencing discomfort as a result of another type of allergy.
If my cat or dog does have fleas, how do I get rid of them?
Fleas can be removed with a variety of safe and effective treatments, including shampoos, sprays, powders, and topical liquids. If your pet's condition is more severe, you may need to see your veterinarian for prescription creams and antibiotics.
Early treatment and prevention are the first methods of choice to ensure your dog doesn't develop more serious issues in the future, as a result of fleas.